AskDefine | Define lemon

Dictionary Definition

lemon

Noun

1 yellow oval fruit with juicy acidic flesh
2 a strong yellow color [syn: gamboge, lemon yellow, maize]
3 a small evergreen tree that originated in Asia but is widely cultivated for its fruit [syn: lemon tree, Citrus limon]
4 a distinctive tart flavor characteristic of lemons
5 an artifact (especially an automobile) that is defective or unsatisfactory [syn: stinker]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From sc=fa-Arab.

Pronunciation

Noun

lemon (countable and uncountable; plural lemons)
  1. A brown citrus fruit.
  2. A semitropical evergreen tree that bears lemons.
  3. A defective or inadequate item.
    He didn’t realise until he’d paid for it that the car was a lemon.
  4. In the context of "Cockney rhyming slang|shortened from “lemon flavour”": favour, favor.
    A thousand quid for that motor? Do me a lemon, I could get it for half that.
  5. uncountable color The pale yellow colour/color of lemons.
    lemon colour:   
  6. The taste or flavour/flavor of lemons.

Synonyms

Translations

citrus fruit
tree
defective item
colour/color
taste
Translations to be checked

Adjective

  1. Containing or having the flavour/flavor and/or scent of lemons.
  2. Of the pale yellow colour/color of lemons.

Translations

having the flavour/flavor and/or scent of lemons
having the colour/color of lemons

See also

External links

Extensive Definition

The lemon (Citrus × limon'') is a hybrid in cultivated wild plants. It is the common name for the reproductive tissue surrounding the seed of the angiosperm lemon tree. The lemon is used for culinary and nonculinary purposes throughout the world. The fruit is used primarily for its juice, though the pulp and rind (zest) are also used, primarily in cooking and baking. Lemon juice is about 5% (approximately 0.03 moles/Liter) citric acid, which gives lemons a tart taste, and a pH of 2 to 3. This makes lemon juice an inexpensive, readily available acid for use in educational science experiments.

History

The exact origin of the lemon has remained a mystery, though it is widely presumed that lemons are wildly grown in both India and China. It is also speculated that lemons were first grown on Mediterranean bushes, coined lemon bushes, but they have evolved and modern-day lemons grow on trees. In the Far East, it was known for its antiseptic properties and it was used as antidote for various poisons. The lemon was later introduced to Iraq and Egypt around 700 A.D.
The popular drink lemonade may have originated in medieval Egypt.
In 1747, James Lind's experiments on seamen suffering from scurvy involved adding Vitamin C to their diets through lemon juice.
The name lemon was originated from Arabic līmūn لیمون and Persian limun through Old Italian and Old French limone..

Culinary uses

Lemons are used to make lemonade, and as a garnish for drinks. Iced tea, soft drinks and water are often served with a wedge or slice of lemon in the glass or on the rim. The average lemon contains approximately 3 tablespoons of juice. Allowing lemons to come to room temperature before squeezing (or heating briefly in a microwave) makes the juice easier to extract. Lemons left unrefrigerated for long periods of time are susceptible to mold.
Fish are marinated in lemon juice to neutralize the odor. The acid neutralizes the amines in fish by converting them into nonvolatile ammonium salts.
Lemon juice, alone or in combination with other ingredients, is used to marinate meat before cooking: the acid provided by the juice partially hydrolyzes the tough collagen fibers in the meat (tenderizing the meat), though the juice does not have any antibiotic effects.
Lemons, alone or with oranges, are used to make marmalade. The grated rind of the lemon, called lemon zest, is used to add flavor to baked goods, puddings, rice and other dishes. Spicy pickled lemons are a Moroccan Jewish delicacy. A liqueur called limoncello is made from lemon rind.
When lemon juice is sprinkled on certain foods that tend to oxidize and turn brown after being sliced, such as apples, bananas and avocados, the acid acts as a short-term preservative by denaturing the enzymes that cause browning and degradation.

Non-culinary uses

  • Citric acid - Lemons were the primary commercial source of this substance prior to the development of fermentation-based processes.
  • Lemon battery - A popular science experiment in schools involves attaching electrodes to a lemon and using it as a battery to power a light. The electricity generated in this way can also power a small motor. These experiments also work with other fruits and vegetables.
  • Sanitary kitchen deodorizer - deodorize, remove grease, bleach stain, and disinfect; when mixed with baking soda, lemon can remove stains from plastic food storage containers.
  • Lemon hair lightener - Lemon juice applied to the hair can work as a natural hair lightener.
  • Insecticide - The d-limonene in lemon oil is used as a non-toxic insecticide treatment. See orange oil.
  • Acne Treatment - Applying lemon juice to facial blemishes is a popular form of treating acne.
  • When lemon juice is mixed with Sun In it is said to lighten the hair or to enhance highlights. melanin production. The effectiveness, however, is largely a subject of debate.
  • Lemon skins eaten daily have been shown to greatly increase the muscle recovery and anti-catabolic cycles for increased muscle development. Research has shown that 8 oz. of lemon peels is the recommend maximum daily dosage.
  • Lemon is used in facial masks for refreshing the skin.
  • Wood treatment - lemon oil is often used on the unsealed rosewood fingerboards of guitars and other stringed instruments. It should not be used on maple fingerboards, as these are generally sealed and the oil would just stay on the surface.
  • Lemon juice is often used to clean the inside of animal skins prior to taxidermy.
  • Natural deodorants are generally made from lemon extracts. Raw lemon can be used as a short term deodorant.
  • Aromatherapy - Researchers at Ohio State University reveals that lemon oil aroma may enhance your mood, and may relax you.

Lemon alternatives

Several other plants have a similar taste to lemons. In recent times, the Australian bush food lemon myrtle has become a popular alternative to lemons. The crushed and dried leaves and edible essential oils have a strong, sweet lemon taste but contain no citric acid. Lemon myrtle is popular in foods that curdle with lemon juice, such as cheesecake and ice cream. Limes are often used instead of lemons.
Many other plants are noted to have a lemon-like taste or scent. Among them are Cymbopogon (lemon grass), lemon balm, lemon thyme, lemon verbena, scented geraniums, certain cultivars of basil, and certain cultivars of mint.

References

External links

lemon in Arabic: ليمون
lemon in Asturian: Citrus limon
lemon in Min Nan: Lê-bóng
lemon in Bosnian: Limun
lemon in Bulgarian: Лимон
lemon in Catalan: Llimona
lemon in Czech: Citron
lemon in Danish: Citron
lemon in German: Zitrone
lemon in Estonian: Harilik sidrunipuu
lemon in Spanish: Citrus x limon
lemon in Esperanto: Citrono
lemon in Persian: لیمو ترش
lemon in French: Citron
lemon in Galician: Limón
lemon in Korean: 레몬
lemon in Croatian: Limun
lemon in Indonesian: Lemon
lemon in Icelandic: Sítróna
lemon in Italian: Citrus × limon
lemon in Hebrew: לימון
lemon in Swahili (macrolanguage): limau
lemon in Latin: Citrus
lemon in Lithuanian: Tikrasis citrinmedis
lemon in Lingala: Ndímo
lemon in Hungarian: Citrom
lemon in Dutch: Citroen (vrucht)
lemon in Japanese: レモン
lemon in Javanese: Lémon
lemon in Norwegian: Sitron
lemon in Norwegian Nynorsk: Sitron
lemon in Polish: Cytryna zwyczajna
lemon in Portuguese: Limão
lemon in Quechua: Puquy k'allku
lemon in Romanian: Lămâie
lemon in Russian: Лимон
lemon in Albanian: limoni
lemon in Simple English: Lemon
lemon in Slovenian: limona
lemon in Serbian: Limun
lemon in Finnish: Sitruuna
lemon in Swedish: Citron
lemon in Thai: เลมอน
lemon in Tonga (Tonga Islands): lemani
lemon in Turkish: limon (ağaç)
lemon in Ukrainian: Лимон
lemon in Contenese: 檸檬
lemon in Chinese: 柠檬

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

acid, acidulant, aureate, auric, beige, bomb, bread-and-butter pickle, buff, buff-yellow, bust, canary, canary-yellow, chokecherry, citron, citron-yellow, crab apple, cream, creamy, dill pickle, dud, dull thud, ecru, fallow, fizzle, flat failure, flaxen, flop, floperoo, frost, gilded, gilt, gold, gold-colored, golden, green apple, lemon-yellow, lime, loser, luteolous, lutescent, ocherish, ocherous, ochery, ochreous, ochroid, ochrous, ochry, or, pickle, primrose, primrose-colored, primrose-yellow, saffron, saffron-colored, saffron-yellow, sallow, sand-colored, sandy, sour, sour balls, sour cream, sour grapes, sour pickle, sourdough, straw, straw-colored, total loss, turkey, verjuice, vinegar, washout, xanthic, xanthous, yellow, yellowish, yogurt
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